انا لله وانا اليه راجعون نسألكم الدعاء بالرحمة والمغفرة لوالدة المشرف العام ( أبو سيف ) لوفاتها رحمها الله ... نسأل الله ان يتغمدها بواسع رحمته . اللهم آمـــين
اعلانات


إضافة رد
 
أدوات الموضوع انواع عرض الموضوع
  #1  
قديم 11-05-2009, 08:49 PM
نسيم الفجر نسيم الفجر غير متواجد حالياً
قـــلم نــابض
 




افتراضي Islam in brief ..2

 

Islam In Brief



دليل للتعريف بالإسلام باللغة الإنجليزية



A simplified Introduction to Islam



يرجى إهداءه إلى ناطق بالإنجليزية.




Prepared by Yasser Gabr , Muslemh

&
Houda Karkour.






A collection of articles dealing with different Islamic issues.

Dedicated to every English speaking seeker for the way of Allah


التوقيع

كروت أمنا هجرة تغمدها الله برحمته


التعديل الأخير تم بواسطة نسيم الفجر ; 11-05-2009 الساعة 08:53 PM
رد مع اقتباس
  #2  
قديم 11-05-2009, 08:51 PM
نسيم الفجر نسيم الفجر غير متواجد حالياً
قـــلم نــابض
 




افتراضي


PREFACE


One can hear that the rate of sufferance is raised nowadays because of the lack of the self nub. There is technology, but it seems like a good for nothing because the human beings have lost their inmost cherished feelings. They want to get back themselves, but the path is also lost because of the lack of the necessary tools. In this little book, one can assume a leading way to go to find oneself and to feel the real happiness and contentment. It is a guiding book to Islam that can be called the modern religion for Islam lean on the truth, science, the ultimate conception of life. Though, one can notice that there has been made a great effort to distort the real beauty of Islam through the use of media. This book has been trying to vanish away the chaos that is hiding the reality of Islam for what asserted Islam now as of a value in life is its balanced scales of the human needs as well as the great cooperation between the human beings to overlap the hurdles in order to get consolidate the peace and opulence of a great civilization. Therefore, we hope that you receive this book with open arms without a jot of prejudice to understand Islam as it is not as it has been depicted in the media. Then, let's pray God-Allah Almighty that this book would be a good introduction for the correct knowledge of Islam, the religion of all the messenger of Allah Almighty from Adam to Mohammad peace be upon them.

yassergabr@gmail.com
التوقيع

كروت أمنا هجرة تغمدها الله برحمته


التعديل الأخير تم بواسطة نسيم الفجر ; 11-05-2009 الساعة 08:54 PM
رد مع اقتباس
  #3  
قديم 11-05-2009, 08:56 PM
نسيم الفجر نسيم الفجر غير متواجد حالياً
قـــلم نــابض
 




افتراضي


CHAPTER ONE

The Creator:

The name Allah (God) in Islam is the personal name of God. The most concise definition of God in Islam is given in four verses of Surah Al-Ikhlaas in the Holy Qur'an:
1. Say (O Muhammad): "He is Allâh, (the) One.
2. "Allâh-us-Samad (The Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need, He neither eats nor drinks).
3. "He begetteth not not, nor is He begotten;
4. "And there is none Like unto Him., Al Ikhlas ( Faith) 112: 1-4

To Muslims, this four-line definition of Almighty God serves as the touchstone of the study of God. Any candidate to divinity must be subjected to this ‘acid test' and since the attributes of The Creator given in this chapter are unique, false gods and pretenders to divinity can be easily dismissed using these verses.
i) The first criterion is «"Say, He is Allah, one and only". »
Can there be more than one god? This verse tells us that The Creator is the only one who has total and absolute power, unique in His names and attributes.
ii) The second criterion is, «'Allah is absolute and eternal’»
The word that is translated as “The Eternal, Absolute” from Arabic is something that can be attributed only to The Creator as all the other existent beings temporal or conditional??. It also means that Allah is not dependant on any person or thing, but all persons and things are dependant on Him.
iii) The third criterion is «‘He begets not, nor is He begotten’».
This means God was not born, nor does He give birth and share his divinity with others. Nor does He have a family or relationship with another being.
(iv) The fourth test, - which is the most stringent - is, «"There is none like unto Him". »
The moment you can imagine or compare ‘God’ to anything, then he (the candidate to divinity) is not God. It is not possible to conjure up a mental picture of the One True God because of the simple fact, as creation, we only know creation.

The Muslims prefer calling the Supreme Creator, 'Allah', instead of the English word ‘God’. The Arabic word, ‘Allah’, is pure and unique, unlike the English word ‘God’, which can be played around with. For example, If you add ‘s’ to the word God, it becomes ‘Gods’, that is the plural of God. Allah is one and singular, there is no plural of Allah. If you add the word ‘father’ to ‘God’ it becomes ‘God-father’. God-father means someone who is a guardian. There is no word like ‘Allah-father’. If you add the word ‘mother’ to ‘God’, it becomes ‘God-mother’. There is nothing like ‘Allah-mother’ in Islam. Allah is a unique word, which does not conjure up any mental picture nor can it be played around with. Therefore, the Muslims prefer using the Arabic word ‘Allah’ for the Almighty.


Unity of God:

Some people pretend that the existence of more than one God is not illogical. Let us point out to them that if there were more than one God, they would dispute with one another for each god tries to fulfill his will against the will of the other gods. This can be seen in the mythology of the polytheistic and pantheistic religions.
If a ‘God’ is defeated or unable to defeat the others, he is surely not the one true God. It is also popular among polytheistic religions the idea of many Gods for each one is having different responsibilities. Each one would be responsible for a part of man’s existence e.g. a Sun-God, a Rain-God, etc. This indicates that one ‘God’ is incompetent of certain acts, and moreover, he is also ignorant of the other Gods’ powers, duties, functions and responsibilities. It cannot be an ignorant and incapable God. If there were more than one God, it would surely lead to confusion, disorder, chaos and destruction in the universe. But the universe is in complete harmony. The Glorious Qur’an says:

If there were, in the heavens and the earth, other gods besides Allah, there would have been ruin in both! But glory to Allah, The Lord of the Throne: (High is He) above what they attribute to Him!, Al-Anbiya ( the Prophets) 21: 22

If there were more than one God, they would have taken away what they created. The Holy Qur'an says:

No son did Allah beget, nor is there any god along with Him: (if there were many gods), behold, each god would have taken away what he had created, and some would have lorded it over others! Glory to Allah! (He is free) from the (sort of) things they attribute to Him!, Al Muminun (The Believers) 23:91
Thus the existence of one True, Unique, Supreme, Almighty God, is the only logical concept of God.


What are the proofs that betokens Allah Almighty's existence?

Allah, to Whom be ascribed all perfection and majesty, has made demonstrations in this universe to enunciate His existence and His singleness.
He has made the signs in the universe as his elementary device to let the human being grasp by his/her brain. The reason can perceive the existence of Allah Almighty by the use of the rational evidence which is put in the world by the Creator.


These demonstrations are as follows:

1- The evidence of creation:
It is known that the human being does neither create her/himself nor does she/he the animals, the plants, and the earth she/he lives on.
The Holy Qur'an has stated this fact in the following verse:

Were they created of nothing, or were they themselves the creators? Or did they create the heavens and the earth? Nay, they have no firm belief., At Tur ( The Mount) 52: 35-36

2- The evidence of charge:
The vestiges of Allah's attributes and the features of His magnificent creation are existing in every corner of the whole world. Everything is made in the universe is considered as a sign that betokens Allah Almighty Who has created, brought to perfection and excelled in making His creatures.
The unbeliever is the one who finds an elegant dress, and then she/he does not deduce that the existence of this dress gives evidence of the one who has made it. He imputes the existence of the dress to the " coincidence" that has interfered to make the tip of the thread to get by itself into the threading hole of the needle which moves in a counted movements to end up with the dress by all its minute wonderful details.
Is it possible that a rational person thinks that " the chance" or " the coincidence" is able to make a car that is found in front of her/his house?
Would she/he say that a wind has blown to gather the pieces of plastic upon the pieces of iron with a pinch of rubber and fragments of glass to make a car??!! ….Or would she/he wonder who has innovated this car by its capacities and accuracy?
Thus, a rational person would not accept that the universe, including its galaxies, planets, earth, seas, is simply created by an irrational nature which has neither an essence nor an existence.
Would a judicious person thinks that the human body, including its limbs whose structures and duties are accurate, is working as a thorough system depending on the creation of coincidence?

All the data of the modern science highlights of a capable and creative Creator of the world and its containing.

Were they created of nothing, Or were they themselves the creators? (At Tur ( The Mount) 52: 35)

3- The evidence of guidance:
When Pharaoh had asked the prophet Moses, peace be upon him, the answer was herewith:
( When this message was delivered). ( pharaoh) said:" Who then, O Moses, is the Lord of you two?" – Moses peace be upon him responded- He said:" Our Lord He Who gave to each (created) thing its form then, gave (it) guidance., Ta Ha 20: 49-50).
In the simple explanation of Holy Qur'an : " Moses had answered: Our Lord is He Who has given everything He has created its fitting feature to be a sign of His perfect creation. Then, He guided each creature to what is made to accomplish on earth.
Henceforth, Allah Almighty has created each genre of the creatures to be guided to its kind of life-style and to its devices she/he/it provided with.
The birds are lead to migrate thousands of kilometers and then come back to their nests of which they have been already guided to build it.
The fish is also directed to migrate thousands of kilometers and to get back by the same way to its birthplace. For example, the Salmon, which migrates from some of the American rivers to the shores of
Europe, is totally capable to come back to the river where it has been born. It simply swims on the opposite direction of the river to put its eggs and to die therefore. The next generation is spontaneously able to do the same steps.
To boot, Allah has guided the animals to the way of its nutrition and the manners of hunting. Some other creatures are acquainted with the stratagems of disguise and deviousness etc.

One of the thinkers has mentioned some examples of Allah Almighty's guidance to his creatures:

- When the cat excretes, it does not leave the place unless it covers its stool with the dust.
- The amazing defense in the beehive since it is defended by its bees till the last bee dies during their fight against the hornets. One might wonder Who has taught the bees to make sacrifice of themselves to keep their hive.
- The members of the beehive, who are the workers, are used to choose among the working maggots a larva that is assumed to turn out the queen by consuming the royal nutrition in case of the queen death without progeny.

- The mosquito who is used to put its eggs as bags in the quagmires so as to buoys on the surface of water. Who has taught it the buoyancy rule of Archimedes?
-Who has taught this mosquito to get its nurture from the blood of the human being? Thus, how does it get the substance to secrete in order to stop the thrombosis of the blood and to remain fluid as soon as it inserts its suckers?
- The desert trees which engenders wings to its seeds to fly far away and through miles to look for good opportunities to be implanted over there; Who has taught these trees to make these wings and sunshades?
- Who has taught the firefly to be illuminated at night to attract the mosquitoes in order to eat them?
- And the hornet who inserts its stinger inside of the nervous center of the victim insect to be numbed and paralyzed; then, it brings it to its nest to put on it one egg….whenever it hatches, the small insect can find its nurture is fresh and ready to eat. From where does the hornet learn the surgery and the anatomy of the nervous system?

How do all these creatures get its knowledge and regulation but from its Creator?

Sheikh Muhammad Al Ghazali has written:
Whatever the human being gets through his/her effort and thought that s/he has a limited quality in comparison to what occurs in his/her worldly surroundings. I remember the time I have walked about the industries of sugar where the tunnels are abounded with juice and the ovens are full of fuel. The machines are covering a vast area of the earth. I have looked around me here and there to say spontaneously: Praise the Lord! The interior of the bee can do this duty…the duty of making the sugar without the use of all these rotary machines and the clamorous noise!
Herewith, I have imagined that the human innovations are an intelligent hint to the wonders that occur in the universe without these complex interventions and the multiple devices.
Behold! In the creation of the heavens and the earth; in the alternation of the Night and the Day; in the sailing of the ships through the Ocean for the profit of mankind; in the rain which Allah sends down from the skies, and the life which He gives therewith to an earth that is dead; in the beasts of all kinds that He scatters through the earth; in the change of the winds, and the clouds which they trail like their slaves between the sky and the earth; (Here) indeed are Signs for people that are wise, Al-Baqarah (The Cow) 1: 164)

التوقيع

كروت أمنا هجرة تغمدها الله برحمته

رد مع اقتباس
  #4  
قديم 11-05-2009, 08:59 PM
نسيم الفجر نسيم الفجر غير متواجد حالياً
قـــلم نــابض
 




افتراضي

Why Does Allah create the human being ?


Does Allah create us in vain?
The brain is aware of the existence of Allah Almighty by the use of the signs in the universe. The human brain recognizes that the Creator of the universe is Knowledgeable and Wise. Thus, it is quite impossible that He creates us in vain and without a special target. Otherwise, this fact would not be in tandem with His wisdom, Glory be to Him.

Did ye then think that We had created you in jest, and that ye would not be brought back to Us ( for account)? Therefore exalted be Allah, the King, the Reality: There is no god but He, the Lord of the Throne of Honour!, Al Muminun ( The Believers) 23: 115-116).

Though, we cannot know what does the Creator want from us. How to worship Him as He really wants us to do? How to thank Him? This is why He has sent to us messengers to tell us about Himself (Allah Almighty) and the reason He has created the universe. Why he has created us? What is the life-style He has depicted for us to follow? And what He has preserved to us whether it is a reward or a punishment?

Messengers who gave good news as well as warning, that mankind, after ( the coming) of the messengers, should have no plea against Allah: For Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise, An Nisaa (The Women) 4: 165)

The messengers, whom Allah has picked out from the best of His creatures, were under the custody and the protection of Allah. They have brought miracles from Allah Almighty to give evidence of their truthful message. Allah has sent down to them the procedure of life which must be performed by the humankind. As it is, he who has obeyed Allah and his messengers will be perfectly rewarded by Allah Almighty; and he has disobeyed Allah will be punished for sure.

All who obey Allah and the messenger are in the company of those on whom is the Grace of Allah, of the prophets ( who teach), the sincere (lovers of Truth), the martyrs, and the Righteous ( who do good): Ah! How beautiful is their Company., An Nisaa (The Women) 4: 69 ,

Furthermore, Allah Almighty has confirmed in the Holy Qur'an:

But those who disobey Allah and His messenger and transgress His limits will be admitted to a Fire, to abide therein: and they shall have a humiliating punishment, An Nisaa (The Women) 4:14
Allah Almighty has explained to us that the creation is certainly for specific wisdom:

Not without purpose did We create heaven and earth and all between! That were the thought of Unbelievers! But woe to the unbelievers because of the Fire ( of Hell)!, Sad ( being one of the abbreviated Letters) 38:27

Allah Almighty has made it clear to us to know the reason behind the creation of the humankind:

I have only created Jinns and men, that they may serve (worship) Me., Az-Zariyat ( The Winds that Scatter) 51: 55

It goes without saying that worshiping Allah is not only praying, genuflecting, and fasting, but it contains also all the deeds and the behavior which Allah loves us to do. Taking care of the orphan is considered as worshipping. Visiting a sick person is part of worshipping. Taking away anything that might hurt the others in the road is a way of worshipping. Greeting the others is also worshipping….etc.

The Sheikh of Islam Ibn Taymiyyah has confirmed:
Worshipping is a name that is connected to everything Allah Almighty loves and agrees on whether it is related to sayings, interior and exterior deeds. Prayer, giving alms, fasting, doing the pilgrimage, saying the truth, loyalty, filial devotion, good contact with one's relatives, fulfillment of the pact, Ordering to work out kindness and avoiding badness, striving against the unbelievers and hypocrites, the philanthropy to the neighbors, orphans, indigent, vagabond, slaves, animals, invocation of Allah, reading…are all kinds of worshipping Allah Almighty.

The love of Allah and His messenger, the fear of Allah, deputation to His Almighty, keeping loyalty to His religion, being patient to his orders, being thankful to His beneficence, the contentment towards His fate, the reliance on him, Beseeching His mercy and apprehending his excruciation, and the like are all kinds of worshipping Allah Almighty.


Attributes of God:

To Allah belong the most beautiful names. The Holy Qur'an says:
"Say: Call upon Allah, or Call upon Rahman (The Most Merciful): By whatever name ye call Upon Him, (it is well): For to Him belong The Most Beautiful Names., Bani Israel ( The Children of Israel)17:110


A similar message regarding the beautiful names of Allah is repeated in the Holy Qur'an in Surah A’raf (7:180), in Surah Taha (20:8) and in Surah Hashr (59:24). Sources of Islam give no less than ninety-nine different attributes to Allah Almighty. The Holy Qur'an refers to Allah as Ar-Rahman (Most Gracious), Ar-Raheem (Most Merciful) and Hakeem (All Wise) among many other names.


God does not take human form:
Many religions at some point believe, directly or indirectly, in the philosophy of anthropomorphism i.e. God is palatable to become a human. Their contention is that God Almighty is so pure and holy to the extent that He is unaware ( It is true that Allah is not like us, but this does not mean that He is unaware of our situations!!!?- I would rather say: is far away) of the hardships, shortcomings and feelings of human beings. In order to set the rules for human beings, He came down to earth as a human. Let us now analyze this argument and see if it stands to reason.
Suppose I manufacture a videocassette recorder (VCR). Do I have to become a VCR to know what is good or what is bad for the VCR? What do I do? I write a manual instruction. "In order to watch a video cassette, you should insert the cassette and press on the play button. In order to stop, press on the stop button. If you want to fast forward press on the FF button. Do not drop it from a height or it will get damaged. Do not immerse it in water or it will get ruined". These manual instructions list the various do’s and don’ts for the machine. Similarly, our Lord and Creator, Allah does not need to take the human form so as to know what is good or bad for the human being. He chooses to reveal the manual instructions. The last and final manual instruction that is sent down to the human beings is the Glorious Qur'an whose ‘do's’ and ‘don’ts’ are mentioned to the human beings through the Holy Verses.

If you allow me to compare human beings with machines, I would say humans are more complicated than the most complex machines in the world. Even the most advanced computers, which are extremely complex, are pale in comparison to the physical, psychological, genetic, and social factors that affect individuals and collective human life. The more advanced the machine is, the greater the need for its manual instruction is. By the use of the same criteria, don't the human beings require a manual instruction by which it is easy to govern their own lives?
Therefore, Allah does not come down personally to give the manual instruction. He chooses a man amongst men to deliver the message and communicates with him at a higher level through the medium of revelations. Such chosen men are called messengers and prophets of God.


God does not perform ungodly acts:
The attributes of Almighty God preclude any evil since God is the source of justice, mercy and truth. God can never be thought of as doing an ungodly act. Hence, we cannot imagine God telling a lie, being unjust, making a mistake, forgetting things, or having any such human failings. Similarly, God can do injustice if He chooses to, but He will never do it because being unjust is an ungodly act. The Holy Qur'an says:
Allah is never unjust in the least degree.,An-Nisa ( The Women) 4:40]
God can be unjust if He chooses to be so, but the moment God does injustice, He ceases to be God.


God does not make mistake:
God can make mistakes if He wants to, but He does not make mistakes, because making a mistake is ungodly act. The Holy Qur'an says:
…my Lord never errs.,Ta- Ha 20:52The moment God makes a mistake, he ceases to be God.



God does not forget:


God can forget if He wants to. But God does not forget anything because forgetting is an ungodly act, which reeks of human limitations and failings. The Holy Qur'an says:



, …My Lord never errs; nor forgets


Ta-Ha 20:52


God only performs Godly acts:
The Islamic concept of God is that God has power over all things. The Holy Qur'an says in several places (2:106; 2:109; 2:284; 3:29; 16:77; and 35:1): «"For verily Allah has power over all things"»
Further, the Glorious Qur’an says:«"Allah is the doer of all that He intends."»[85:16] We must keep in mind that Allah intends only Godly acts and not ungodly acts.
التوقيع

كروت أمنا هجرة تغمدها الله برحمته

رد مع اقتباس
إضافة رد

الكلمات الدلالية (Tags)
..2, brief, in, islam


الذين يشاهدون محتوى الموضوع الآن : 1 ( الأعضاء 0 والزوار 1)
 
أدوات الموضوع
انواع عرض الموضوع

تعليمات المشاركة
لا تستطيع إضافة مواضيع جديدة
لا تستطيع الرد على المواضيع
لا تستطيع إرفاق ملفات
لا تستطيع تعديل مشاركاتك

BB code is متاحة
كود [IMG] متاحة
كود HTML معطلة

الانتقال السريع

 

منتديات الحور العين

↑ Grab this Headline Animator

الساعة الآن 08:34 PM.

 


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.4
Copyright ©2000 - 2018, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.
.:: جميع الحقوق محفوظة لـ منتدى الحور العين ::.